13 July 2008

Simple Ways to Save the Earth - PART 3

41. Turn off your porch lights. Effect: Turn off your outside lights when they are not needed. If possible, use timers or motion sensors. The average household spends about $13 per year per 100-watt bulb electricity. 42. Cause: Refill your water bottles. Effect: If just two out of three sports fans filled a water bottle rather then buying a new one, it would save as many plastic bottles as there are people in America. 43. Recycle, recycle, and recycle: Effect: Every ten aluminum cans recycled saves four pounds of cabon. If you recycle newspapers, you could save fifty pounds of carbon per year. 44. Consider using two-in-one shampoo instead of buying each separately. Effect: You'll not only save on money and packing, but you'll likely save on time, water and money by reducing the length of your shower. If only seven U.S. households replaced its shampoo and conditioner purchase with a single two-in-one bottle, the amount of plastic saved per year could fill a football field twenty-seven stories high. 45. Use Recycled Pencils. Effect: Use pencils made of recycled materials and those packed in light weight or recycled packaging. Pencils can be made from all sorts of things that would otherwise end up in our waste stream- like furniture, old money, and paper. Pencils account for about $121 million worth of purchases each year, and all could potentially be made from recycled material. 46. Use online maps instead of paper ones. Effect: Online maps are free, and if you have to print them out , you'll be able to better recycle the paper when you're done with them. If you've got old maps use them to wrap presents instead of trowing them out. 47. Use less water when making coffee. Effect: Mind the amount of water that you use when brewing. Making coffee uses about 1/3 of the tap water consumed in North America and Europe. If every office worker cut back on water filled by one cup we would save about 10 million gallons per day. Over the course of a year this would save enough water to provide two gallons to the 1.2 billion people who don't have access to fresh water at all. 48. Use public transportation. Effect: Take a bus. A bus emits about 2.75 pounds of carbon per mile; divided by the number of passengers on it, however, this can create carbon savings. 49. Buy select-a-size paper towels. Effect: If you can, select paper towel rolls with smaller-size sheets in order to extend the life of each roll. A decrease in U.S.household consumption of just three rolls per year would save 120,000 tons of waste $4.1 million in landfill dumping fees. 50. Donate your used sporting goods. Effect: You'll not only contribute to a good cause, save resources in the manufacturing of new equipment, and delay the land filling of your old gear, but you'll get a tax write-off as well. If 10 percent of American golfers donated a set of fourteen clubs to the God will, the total tax rebate could fill each of the more then 270,000 golf holes on courses around the country with more than one hundred gold balls(which would require digging deeper holes!) . 51. Carpool and save time and money. On a typical day, the average mother with school age children spends sixty six minutes driving- taking more than five trips to and from home covering twenty-nine miles. If more moms carpooled, it would save them all time and gas driving. It would also reduce congestion, which costs Americans 78 billion dollars a year in wasted fuel and lost time. Effect: It would save them all time and gas driving. It also would reduce congestion, which costs americans 78 billion dollars a year in wasted fuel and lost time. 52. Try to use faster internet access It saves time money and energy High speed users on average accomplish more than double the number of tasks online compared with dial up users That means it would take more than an hour to via dial up what you could do in thirty minutes via broadband Based on a full day's use you could save more than $30 per ear in energy costs by increasing your internet efficiency and turning off your computer when it's not in use. Effect: conserve energy and money on a daily basis. 53. Only 31 percent of children who live less than one mile from school walk there. Half of all students go to school by car. If just 6 percent of those students who go by car walked; it would save 1.5 million drop offs and pickups- and 60 thousand gallons of gas- a day. Effect: walking to school saves gas. 54. Buy earth friendly coffee. Effect: When you ground whole bean coffee, look for vitamins with organic,Fair Trade, Bird Friendly, or Rainforest Alliance certification seals. These labels represent coffee farms that practice sustainable agriculture to preserve or restore rain forest ecosystems. Just one household switching to certified coffee for a year is enough to protect 9,200 square feet of forest. If everyone in Seattle switched to certified coffees, a rain forest area the size of that city could be saved every year. 55. Buy greeting cards made of recycled materials (or better yet..send a e-card). Effect: Buy greeting cards made from recycled or tree-free materials. Americans send two billion holiday cards each year, so just 1 percent reduction could save fifteen thousand trees. 56. When traveling, bring your own toiletries instead of using the ones in the hotel. Effect: You'll get the product you want rather than some odd scented gel and you'll create less plastic waste. A single 300-room hotel in Las Vegas uses more than 150,000 plastic bottles of shampoo per year. 57. Buy more soy. Effect: Consider buying soy food products. Growing soy beans doesn't require nearly the amount of water that is needed to raise animals. A household that replaces one pound of beef with one pound of soy per month will conserve twenty thousand gallons of water per year. If just 20 percent of the households in the United States and Canada substituted four ounces of beef for four ounces of soy per week, the annual water savings would be enough to provide ten gallons of drinking water to every person in the world. 58. Give secondhand clothing a chance. The average American purchase forty-eight articles of new clothing per year. If just one of those articles were purchased from a second hand- store, the energy equivalent of more than half a gallon of gas could be saved, because of all the energy used to manufacture and transport new clothes. If one in every ten Americans substituted his or her next purchase of new garment with a vintage one saved could fly every resident of Hollywood to New York City from Fashion week. Effect: Saving more cloths and buying second hand clothes. 59. Replace conventional, incandescent light bulbs with compact fluorescent light bulbs in your home.. Effect: For each 27-watt compact fluorescent light bulb you'll get carbon dioxide emissions savings of 140 pounds per year and save $12.00. For each 18-watt compact fluorescent light bulb, you'll get carbon emissions of 110 pounds and save $9.50. 60. Consider buying a hybrid car. Effect: You could conserve more than twenty gallons (an entire tank) of gasoline per month than the average vehicle. If an additional 1 percent of vehicles sold in the United States per year were hybrids, the gasoline saved annually would fill nearly 4,600 tanker trucks. 61. Use Voice mail instead of answering machines. Answering machines guzzle energy 24/7. When they stop functioning, they become hazardous waste in the nation's landfills. Effect: If all answering machines in U.S. homes were eventually replaced by voice mail services, the annual energy savings would total nearly two billion kilowatt-hours. The reduction in air pollution related to this decrease in energy use would be equivalent to removing 250,000 cars from the road for a year. 62. Use 'green' crayons. Effect: Avoid crayons made of paraffin wax, which is derived from petroleum. Instead choose crayons made from soybean oil, which have the added benefit of being non-toxic. American is the largest producer of soybeans in the world. From this we could produce well over one trillion crayons-without tapping oil supplies. 63. Cause: Use refillable pens, mechanical pencils, and markers. Effect: Disposable plastic pens are not recyclable, nor are they biodegradable. Throw one away, and it will still be in a landfill 50 thousand years from now.. 64. Share a container of popcorn at the movies instead of buying multiple containers. Effect: You'll save money and packaging. Americans today consume seventeen billion quarts of popcorn each year (54 quarts per person), thirty percent of which are eaten at the movie theaters, sporting events, entertainment arenas, amusement parks, and other recreational centers. If half the people shared their popcorn at these events, we could save the paper packaging for more than 2.5 billion quarts serving size. 65. Recycle Just One Sunday Paper. Effect: If every newspaper reader in the United States recycled just one typical Sunday paper, he or she could help create 212 million pounds of cellulose insulation-enough to insulate 118,767 Habitat for Humanity houses. That's nearly twice as many houses as all the Habitat homes built in America so far. 66. Keep your refrigerator door closed. Effect: The fridge is the single biggest energy-consuming kitchen appliance, and opening the refrigerator door accounts for between $30 and $60 of a typical family's electricity bill each year. the amount of energy saved in a year by more efficient refrigerator usage could be enough to light every house in the United States for more than four and a half months straight. 67. Buy groceries in bulk. Effect: You will pay up to 50 percent less and significantly reduce the amount of energy needed to transport all that extra packagin waste to landfills and recycling centers. If by buyin in bulk, every U.S. household generated 10 percent less packaging waste, the volume of diesel fuel saved by garbage trucks annually would be enough to transport a busload of school children on a field trip to the moon and back everyday of the school year. 68. Buy larger cans of canned food. Effect: If you're planning to buy several cans of the same product, look for a larger can. If you buy a 28-ounce can of stewed tomatoes instead of two 14.5-ounce cans, you'll not only save up to 50 percent on the price, but you'll also reduce waste and conserve resources.If every month each U.S. household substituted a larger can for two smaller ones, the annual savings in steel could build an Eiffel Tower on each of the six continents. 69. Rid yourself of junk mail-or at least recycle it. Effect: The Average U.S household receives 1.5 trees worth of junk mail each year, and many of these trees are thrown right in the trash. To stop this junk mail Register with the Mail Preference Service below.If all Americans recycle their junk mail, $370 million in landfill dumping fees could be saved each year. 70. Use a digital camera. Effect: Use a digital camera instead of one that needs film. Some 868 million rolls of film are processed each year, and the solutions used to make the prints often contain hazardous chemicals that require special treatment and disposal. Avoid using disposable cameras. Despite the claim on the box that they are recycled, more than half end up in the trash.

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Interviewer: The helmet has a special meaning for many drivers. How important is it to you?_________ Kimi: It protects my head.